Sunday, July 12, 2020
Odyssey Essay Topics - What Does Each Cover?The Odyssey essay topics cover a wide variety of things. They can cover classic literature, literature from ancient times, history, myths, and science fiction. These topics all need to be covered in order to give students the learning experience they deserve. Each is unique because it is from an individual viewpoint and will teach students a little something about their own culture or point of view.Students should know about the background and lessons of classic literature. Shakespeare is a great teacher for this. Students can learn about how he grew up and why he wrote his plays and poems. Students should know about his father and how he was affected by his father's death. He learned how he became the author he is today.In addition to classic literature, students can also take a look at ancient history. Students learn about how people lived in that era, how they viewed different cultures, and how they moved. This should be given a very hig h priority, so students can see what life was like for them just prior to the time period they are studying.Just as in ancient history, students can learn about the social and relevant arts of that era. They can read works of poetry and drama. They can listen to stories and read famous books that have historical value. History books will teach students about how history unfolded and how people were affected by different cultures.History books and novels can teach students about the famous world leaders of their era. They can read about a person's life and learn about their influence on people around them. They can learn about how they influenced people's lives and ways of thinking.Science fiction is another topic, students can consider. Students can read works from authors such as Tolkien and Vonnegut. They can also read different types of stories and ask questions to themselves about them. They can learn about many different ideas and life in general by reading about this type of l iterature.Students can also explore the arts of mythology. This can involve reading stories about great myths, fairy tales, and the like. Students can find out about the skills of working with words and how they made a story come to life. This can help them learn about the inner workings of the mind and learn about the world they live in today.In order to ensure students will get the most out of their essays, the instructor should choose these topics wisely. Students should be introduced to classic literature, history, and the arts in order to learn about these things. These should be topics that are learned in high school but never learn in college classes. Learning about these things early will help them remember them for life.
Wednesday, May 20, 2020
Over the years, entrepreneurship is a field of business that has been growing rapidly. Although the concept of entrepreneurship is highly debated on what it is exactly, in a simple way it is acting on oneÃ¢â¬â¢s knowledge and thoughts and developing those into innovations, which in the end will improve the world and in return hopefully allow the entrepreneur to receive a gain in either a monetary or non monetary sense. Within entrepreneurship, there are many different fields to this broad business platform. Since I am a collegiate basketball player and have been surrounded by sports my entire life, I have decided to focus on entrepreneurship within the sports industry. Again, this is growing rapidly along with entrepreneurship, however, if one would research this specific field of entrepreneurship, they would find that it is a young practice. In this paper, I will be focusing on the owners in the NBA specifically comparing and contrasting the newer owners verses the older owners. P rimarily most of the newer owners are younger guys who made most of their money in uncertain business deals that led to large profits. Thus, they are successful entrepreneurs who took their skills and prior knowledge and applied that to the NBA. On the other hand, older NBA owners provide an old school business approach, which is usually based off instincts and knowledge of the game. Therefore, the issue I will be discussing will regard owning a NBA team, which I will go in depth to talk about why theShow MoreRelatedThe International Business Field And The Entrepreneurship Field940 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesthe effectiveness of new business venturing as well as small and medium size businesses. There are studies that think of international entrepreneurship as more of a common marvel than young ventures entering international markets and slight interest is dedicated to the entrepreneurial behavior of organizations once they first enter into international markets. There is an inequality among the international business field and the entrepreneurship field, because of findingsRead MoreBusiness Structure Of The Field On Entrepreneurship1613 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Business Structure When going into the field on entrepreneurship it is important to decide which form of business to use. Determining what form of business youÃ¢â¬â¢re going to operate under is important because it will correlate to what tax return form youÃ¢â¬â¢ll have to file. There are five types of different forms that said entrepreneur can choose to operate under which are: sole proprietorship, partnerships, corporations, S corporations, and a limited liability company (LLC). A sole proprietorship isRead MoreThe Promise of Entrepreneurship as a Field of Research638 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesPROMISE OF ENTREPRENEURSHIP AS A FIELD OF RESEARCH 1.0 Introduction To date, the phenomenon of entrepreneurship has lacked a conceptual framework. A research has been conducted in the difference social science disciplines and applied fields of business to create a conceptual framework for entrepreneurship. 2.0 Definition of Entrepreneurship Entrepreneurship is defined solely by the researchers in terms of who the entrepreneur is and what he or she does. The study of entrepreneurship must involveRead MoreThe Human Society in the Present Times and Wealth1199 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagestopic in business research, many studies are done in the field of entrepreneurship with substantial liking and support. Alongside the vast topic of entrepreneurship, one of the most regarded is the aspect of social entrepreneurship and the advances of this discipline. The discourse community in this industry is geared to see trends and analyze information from existing business systems. They create theoretical findings and deduce information that would be helpful in creating effective business structuresRead MoreResource Based View of Social Entrepreneurship: Puting the Pieces Together813 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pages INTRODUCTION The emerging field of social entrepreneurship calls for a need for new integrated theories to contribute to the discipline and help grow the field. Social Entrepreneurship has been a topic of academic interest for the past few decades; however there has been little scholarly output in mainstream journals (Short, Moss, Lumpkin 2009). Social entrepreneurship is commonly defined as Ã¢â¬Å"entrepreneurial activity with an embedded social purposeÃ¢â¬ Read MoreThe Meaning of Technology Entrepreneurship1024 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesTechnology Entrepreneurship; Technological Entrepreneurship is the art or process of innovating and imminence assets and products for major return of profit in business. New and unique combinations of innovation are the result of Technological Entrepreneurship. The medium that alleviates wealth in firms, individuals, nations and regions, the research of technology entrepreneurship plays a significant role beyond the satisfaction of intellectual interest. Certai nly, Technological Entrepreneurship effectRead MoreEntrepreneurship : The Entrepreneurial Function1623 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageshave differing ideas on the relative value of resources or when resources are turned from inputs into outputs. The theory of the entrepreneur focuses on the heterogeneity of beliefs about the value of resources (Alvarez and Busenitz, 2001: 756). Entrepreneurship Ã¢â¬â the entrepreneurial function, can be conceptualized as the discovery of opportunities and the subsequent creation of new economic activity, as a majority or active shareholder who, in many small and mediumÃ¢â¬âsized firms, assumes both the entrepreneurialRead MoreThe Current State Of Entrepreneurship1693 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageslandscape, as it has transformed the country s economic state entirely. The purpose of this report is to investigate the current state of entrepreneurship in Canada in comparison to other G20 countries, and make recommendations for government and policy makers. It will provide a brief overview of the history of entrepreneurship, analyze the current state of entrepreneurship in Canada, outline a global comparison with two distinctive economies, and conclude with recommendations for improving the CanadianRead MoreIs It Worth The Time And Money?1162 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesbusinesses were created in Canada each year. Entrepreneurship, a new field of study and increasingly growing more and more popular, individuals are starting to look into becoming entrepreneurs. This essay will be addressing three main topics; Ã¢â¬ËIs it worth the time and money to major in Entrepreneurship?Ã¢â¬â¢, Ã¢â¬ËDo you need to be born and entrepreneur?Ã¢â¬â¢ As well as, Ã¢â¬ËAre entrepreneurs and small business owners the same thing?Ã¢â¬â¢ Since entrepreneurship is a new field of study and growing, the question on manyRead MoreThe Teachability Dilemma of Entrepreneurship1296 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesrisk for the sake of a business, but also they provide our economy with employment opportunities and culture. A society can only be prosperous only when it rewards and encourages entrepreneurial activity because in fact, it is the entrepreneurs and their activities that are the critical factor for success, prosperity, growth and opportunity in any given economy. Entrepreneurship is not easy and it comes with its own risks and up and downs. On the last decade, entrepreneurship has rose and expanded
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Assessing metastatic involvement of the lymph nodes in breast cancer patients is important in planning surgical and adjuvant therapies. A trend toward breast-conserving therapies with the goal of improving quality of life for breast cancer patients has driven the need to accurately assess lymph nodal staging. The concept of a sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy is a valuable tool in evaluating metastatic spread of primary breast tumors (Maaskant-Braat et al.,2012; Noushi et al., 2013). Tokin et al. (2012) describe how the process of tumor spread via the lymphatics occurs to the first draining lymph node, then to subsequent nodes within the same basin and beyond. Breast lymphoscintigraphy has emerged as a useful means of identifying the SLN, although many patient factors, choice of radiopharmaceutical, injection technique, and imaging protocol may affect the successful outcome. The ideal exam protocol would combine speed, accuracy, and sensitivity to identifying the SLN with the lea st amount of burden to the patient and resources involved (Povoski et al., 2006; Sadeghi et al., 2009; Tokin et al., 2012). Methods The keywords breast lymphoscintigraphy, breast sentinel lymph node, sentinel lymph node identification, SPECT/CT breast lymphoscintigraphy, injection method lymphoscintigraphy, image protocol breast lymphoscintigraphy, repeat breast lymphoscintigraphy, axillary sentinel lymph node, non-axillary sentinel lymph node, NanocallÃ ®, LymphoseekÃ ®, and tilmanocept wereShow MoreRelatedBreast Cancer Staging At Cancer And The International Union For Cancer Control Classification System2132 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesBreast Cancer Staging Ã¢â¬Å"Breast cancer is staged using the American Joint Committee on Cancer and the International Union for Cancer Control classification system for tumor, nodes, and metastases (TNM)Ã¢â¬ (Esserman, 2013). The first part of the tumor staging system, as seen in Table 2, assesses that of the primary tumor itself by means of clinical breast exam and imaging studies and is represented by the letter Ã¢â¬Å"TÃ¢â¬ on the staging table. Mammogram is an essential part of assessing the primary tumorRead MoreStages and Prognosis of Breast Cancer3785 Words Ã |Ã 15 PagesÃ¯ » ¿Breast Cancer 3 Running Head: Stages and Prognosis of Breast Cancer Stages and Prognosis of Breast Cancer Abstract Breast cancer is one of the major causes of death in cancer patients all over the world. Tumor node- metastasis (TNM) is a standard staging system for breast cancer. TNM staging system also provides the basis for the prognosis for breast cancer. The prognosis for breast cancer is majorly based on two factors; tumor size and biological factors. However, these factors have been furtherRead MoreThe Potential Benefits Of Adjuvant Therapy3460 Words Ã |Ã 14 Pagesaddition to patient perspectives on their treatment options and findings from a brief GA, a further consideration in estimating potential benefits of adjuvant therapy is the patientÃ¢â¬â¢s estimated life expectancy, to determine whether they are likely to live long enough to benefit from the treatment. Chronologic age is an integral component of such estimates; however, it is by no means a sufficient consideration. As our two clinical cases illustrate, two 70 year old breast cancer patients can have veryRead MoreEvaluating th e Effectiveness of MRI Technology4476 Words Ã |Ã 18 PagesÃ¯ » ¿Learning Outcomes Introduction Over the last several years, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has become an increasingly popular technique. This is because it has been shown to be effective at diagnosing various conditions and diseases in the patient. The way that this occurs is the individual is placed into a movable bed that slides into a machine. This is a large magnet with hydrogen protons that can go through the body to see different aspects of the internal organs and systems. The imagesRead MoreNeoplasia10526 Words Ã |Ã 43 PagesIbom State, Nigeria. Neoplasia means the process of new growth whilst Neoplasm means a new growth. Sometimes, the parenchyma cells stimulate the formation of an abundant collagenous stroma, referred to as desmoplasia. Some tumours e.g. some cancers of breast are stony hard or scirrhous. Sarcomas have little connective tissue stroma and so are fleshy. Pseudo tumours: i) An ectopic rest of normal tissue is sometimes called a choristoma e.g a rest of adrenal cells under the kidney capsule or a pancreatic
Staffing is the act of employing people in an organization. People with right qualifications for various posts are usually hired by employers in the job market. In an organization, there is mostly a group of general staff and subordinate staff. 1. Human Resource Planning : designed to ensure that the personnel need of the organization will be constantly and appropriately met . 2. Planning for future needs : How many people with what abilities will the organization need to remain in operation for the foreseeable future ? 3. Planning for future balance : How many people presently employed can be expected to stay with the organization ? 4. Planning for recruiting and selecting or for laying off : How can the organization bring in the number of people it will need ? 5. Planning for development : How should the training and movement of individuals within the organization be managed so that the organization will be assured of a continuing supply of experienced and capable personnel ? A performance appraisal (PA), performance review, performance evaluation, (career) development discussion, or employee appraisal is a method by which the job performance of an employee is evaluated. We will write a custom essay sample on What is Staffing and steps , and what is performance appraisal ? or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Performance appraisals are a part of career development and consist of regular reviews of employee performance within organizations. Performance evaluated cause Employee performance evaluations may seem like a lot of work for very little payoff. Your HR department spends hour-after-hour at least one month each year making sure your managers turn in their employee performance evaluations on timeÃ¢â¬âWhy? Is it to protect yourself, and the company, in the event of a legal action by a disgruntled ex-employee by documenting negative behavior or below-average work-related performance? Or, is it to keep track of high performing workers in order to reward them appropriately? Actually, it does bothÃ¢â¬ ¦and, more! We can all agree that its important to reward employees who meet or exceed performance standards. By acknowledging their contributions, you are showing their value to the team, department and company, but you need some acceptable established basis for this reward. An effective recognition system is simple, appears fair and equitable to all involved, and encourages continued, similar behavior from that person and other employees. On the other hand, no one sets out to be a bad employeeÃ¢â¬âdeep down, everyone wants to do a good job, learn how to improve if they have missed the mark, and earn a reward the next time around. So, an employee performance evaluation gives employees who arent meeting expectations a baseline to learn how to improve in order to be viewed as successful in the future. Generally speaking, employees want to do well and be appreciated for their hard work. The employee performance evaluation is the tool that provides the measurement for creating a pay-for-performance culture within an organization. This practice will go far in creating a workforce that is engaged, productive and loyal.
Thursday, April 23, 2020
For my research proposal I will use the Uses and Gratifications theory to further explain how television takes advantage of new media such as social media (FaceBook, Twitter) and other new types of media in order to strengthen, modify or enhance parasocial relationships people develop with characters on television. My research will be done in the form of a non open-ended survey, providing yes and no questions to the people taking the survey which will facilitate insight in the way television uses social media to be involved in parasocial relationships in some way. I have chose to focus on the show The Walking Dead and the relationships people may develop with characters on the show. I will also focus on the way the show itself, uses new media to do something to that relationship in some way. The purpose for my project is to further research in new media using the Uses and Gratifications theory. We will write a custom essay sample on The Application of The Uses and Gratifications Theory or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Rationale: The Walking Dead has become such a popular show that it has almost developed a cult like following. According the New York Times (2013), The Walking DeadÃ¢â¬â¢s season three, premiere episode, was seen by 12.3 million people, making it a popular show and an important show to study (p.1). The people that routinely watch the show, and indulge themselves in the action, eventually achieve a relationship so strong that some may even be distraught for several days after one of their favorite characters dies, for example. The relationship in this sense is that people develop a strong attachment to the character on the show, and when the character goes away they feel like they have lost a good friend. Emma Riley Sutton (2013) notes that fans of the show have even created hypothetical scenarios, where they pretend to survive zombie hordes and hangout with their favorite characters from the show (p.1). Doing research to look into this show, the new media it utilizes and the parasocial phenomenon it creates will help me determine how people might use the show to fill certain needs and gratifications in their life. Research Questions: In order to further research for this study it is necessary to ask research questions in order to guide the research being done. 1. Do people have an attachment to specific characters on the show the Walking Dead? 2. Do they develop parasocial relationships with characters on the show? 3. Do the parasocial relationships that are developed, fill needs and gratifications that people may be missing in their lives? 4. Does new media such as the internet, FaceBook or Twitter play a part in the parasocial relationship being developed in some way? Literature Review: Whether watching a movie or checking a cell-phone for a sports team score, people use media in order to satisfy certain needs in their life. In order to further understand why we choose specific types of media to fill specific needs, itÃ¢â¬â¢s helpful to examine scholarly literature on the topic. After reviewing the scholarly literature written about media usage, the overarching consensus is that the Uses and Gratification Theory illustrates why people choose particular types of media to fill specific needs and produce certain gratifications. In order to determine certain gratifications met by our media use, I have chosen television as a specific media to focus on. In this literature review I argue that The Uses and Gratification Theory can explain why people choose certain media such as television, in order to serve their needs and wants in life and in some cases television can create a parasocial relationship with the viewer that can tie the viewer to a certain character on television. According to Katz, Blumler and Gurevitch (1974), curiosity in the idea that media provide some sort of gratification to their audience is well represented in early empirical mass communication research (p.500). Katz Blumler and Gurevitch report that at the time, mass communication research was concerned with coming up with a list of functions that were met by specific media or content. According to West and Turner (2010), eventually other theories were developed in an attempt to overcome the short comings of the previous theories (p.393). West and Turner (2010) explain that one of those theories was the Limited Effects Theory, which states that media effects are limited by the context of the audienceÃ¢â¬â¢s lives and needs. The second theory was defined by Abraham Maslow (1970) as the Needs and Motivation Theory, which states that people feel as though they have to meet their social and psychological needs in order to move up to the next unsatisfied need level on a hierarchical need structure (P.38). However, Katz, Blumler and Gurevitch (1974) disagreed with researchers such as Maslow, Herzog, and others, and felt that their studies were too methodological and asked way too many open ended questions (P.500). They said that the studies were too qualitative and neglected diversity of answers from different people and instead they tried to group their answers in labeled categories. They also believed the studies didnÃ¢â¬â¢t research the link in gratifications and social and psychological needs that were being met by the chosen media. They also suggested that the prior research failed to look for relationships between multitudes of media, which may have potentially led to more development of research about media gratifications. This disagreement lead to more research being done by Katz, Blumler and Gurevitch (1974) and eventually lead to them conceptualizing the idea of the Uses and Gratification approach, which is an approach that: Ã¢â¬Å"simply represents an attempt to explain something of the way in which individuals use communications, among other resources in their environment, to satisfy their need and to achieve their goalsÃ¢â¬ (P.510). However, West and Turner (2010) point out that even though Katz, Blumler and Gurevitch disagree with the previous theories before the Uses and Gratifications Theory, the theory is still an extension of the ideas of those original theories, most notably the Needs and Motivation Theory (P.394). Expanding on assumptions identified by Katz, Blumler and Gurevitch, Stacks and Salwen (2009), further explained the five assumptions that provide ground work for the theory: Ã¢â¬Å"1.Communication behavior, including media selection and use, is goal-directed, purposive, motivated; 2. People take the initiative in selecting and using communication vehicles to satisfy felt needs or desires; 3. A host of social and psychological factors mediate peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s communication behavior; 4. Media compete with other forms of communication; and 5. People are typically more influential than the media in the relationship, but not alwaysÃ¢â¬ (P.139). According to Haridakis and Whitmore (2006) Alan Rubin, a researcher who played an instrumental role in defining Uses and Gratifications Theory, believed that these assumptions allowed for a perspective on looking at the association of interpersonal and mass communication and how mediated and interpersonal approaches may assist as comparable substitutes to one another (P.768). After these assumptions were conceptualized, Haridakis and Whitmore (2006) say that two types of media use orientation by audiences were identified by Alan Rubin: ritualized orientation (or using a specific type of media to kill time) and instrumental orientation (or using media for informational reasons). These types of media orientation were found in RubinÃ¢â¬â¢s (1993) studies on television and the audienceÃ¢â¬â¢s involvement in watching television (P.102). Haridakis and Whitmore (2006) note that Rubin viewed television as an instrumental medium in determining audienceÃ¢â¬â¢s motivations for satisfying their needs and gratifications (P.769). Stacks and Salwen (2009) report that the natural liking to television eventually leads to perceived realism being experienced by the audience (P.142). This perceived realism, is according to Busselle and Greenberg (2000), when people see the images on television as very realistic and thus, are more easily influenced by television (P.251). Stacks and Salwen (2009) expand on this idea further and say that experiencing perceived realism can explain how different people respond to Ã¢â¬Å"TV messages based on motivation or specific contentÃ¢â¬ (P.141). Rubin and Windahl (1986) note that certain media such as television may lead some people to become dependent on it and may influence them to need it more than others would, especially when a personÃ¢â¬â¢s resources are poor and even the basic needs of the person are threatened (P.190). Haradakis and Whitmore (2006) claim that television may even lead people to be dependent on it to fill the need of entertainment, the need to escape out of the world youÃ¢â¬â¢re in, the need of feeling belonged or loved and in general and the need of finding satisfaction in something (P.770). Rubin and Windahl (1986) state that dependency is closely related with needs and motives with television use: Ã¢â¬Å"because it increases susceptibility to media useÃ¢â¬ (P.191). Stacks and Salwen (2009) believe that more research is needed in order to further understand dependency, because dependency has not been studied in media use other than television (P.145). Busselle and Greenberg (2000) say that that television may also fill the need to identify with something, or Ã¢â¬Å"the extent to which viewers incorporate television content into their lives or involve themselves with the content elementsÃ¢â¬ (P.257). Busselle and Greenberg (2000) state that the need to utilize something for information regarding events that had occurred in the audiences real life, may also be useful in some way to them. Busselle and Greenberg (2000) believe that identifying with television and certain content for needs and gratifications can eventually lead to becoming very familiar with characters on the television, acting as if they were friends with them in real life (P.255). This process of identifying with television characters can also be known as parasocial interaction. Parasocial interaction is defined by West and Turner, as (2010): Ã¢â¬Å"the relationship we feel we have with people we may know only through the mediaÃ¢â¬ (P.396). Lather and Moyer-Guse (2011) believe that the viewerÃ¢â¬â¢s connection with the people on television is dynamic and it takes time for the viewer to gain knowledge about the character, in terms of personality, morality and demeanor (P.198). Lather and Moyer-Guse also report (2011) that parasocial relationships can make messages more persuasive, can allow marginalized groups to be accepted, because these television characters also show up in real-life relationships and are incorporated into our social life, as well as to provide enjoyment for the viewer. Parasocial relationships may also, according to Hartmann and Goldhoorn (2011), make people conform to social norms, and violating these social norms may produce embarrassment or regret by the viewer (1108). Stacks and Salwen (2009) claim that media, in this case television, can meet interpersonal needs which include: Ã¢â¬Å"pleasure, escape, relaxation, inclusion, affection, and controlÃ¢â¬ (P.140). According to Lather and Moyer-Guse (2011), Cohen, a known researcher in the field, studied the ends of parasocial breakups and noticed people often felt sad and lonely after the end of the relationship, which further explained how parasocial relationships, mirrored real-life interpersonal relationships and the needs interpersonal relationships provide (P.199). Hartmann and Goldhoorn (2011) say that parasocial relationships make the viewer feel like the person on the screen is aware of them and the viewer may make adjustments to their attitude and behavior, based on the person on the screen and believe the person on the screen is doing the same (P.1107). Hartmann and Goldhoorn (2011) also suggest that the parasocial relationship is much different conceptually, than a real-life interpersonal relationship, in the sense of the parasocial relationship being one sided and controlled by the viewer (P.1105). In general, this literature review discussed what the Uses and Gratification Theory is, it explained why people may select certain media to fill certain needs, television as a specific medium that helps us meet our sociological and psychological needs and the idea that we can create a parasocial relationships with characters we see on television. I have found after reading the literature that I have chosen for this review and other literature related to the Uses and Gratifications Theory, there isnÃ¢â¬â¢t much dispute in the research of the theory. If there is a dispute, it is usually done in order to encourage expansion of the ideas within the theory. In my research, I have found that the theory seems to cover how and why we use media such as television, newspapers and radio, but the theory doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t seem to extend to media that has been developed recently such as the internet, social media and so forth. After reviewing literature on the Uses and Gratifications Theory, I believe that the theory can explain why we choose the certain media we do but, needs to be expanded to accommodate media that has been developed recently. The expansion into more recent technology would lead to more new ideas and fresh research in this field, something I believe it is lacking. Method for the research in the Proposal: Bibliography Busselle, R. W., Greenberg, B. S. (2000). The Nature of Television Realism Judgments: A Reevaluation of their Conceptualization and Movement. Mass Communication and Society. Volume 3, Issue 2/3, 249-268. Carter,B. (2013,Febuary 11). The Walking Dead Sets Records for AMC. The New York Times. pp. 1. Haridakis, P. M., Whitmore, E. H. (2006). Understanding Electronic Media Audiences: The Pioneering Research of Alan M. Rubin. Journal of Broadcasting and Electronic Media. Issue 4, 766-762. Hartmann, T., Goodhoorn, C. (2011). Horton and Wohl Revisited: Exploring Viewers Experience of Parasocial Interaction. Journal of Communication. Volume 61, Issue 6, 1104-1121. Katz, E., Blumler, J. G., Gurevitch, M. (1974). Uses and Gratification Research. Oxford University Press , 508-522. Lather, J., Moyer-Guse, E. (2011). How Do We React When Our Favorite Characters Are Taken Away? An Examination Study of a Temporary Parasocial Breakup. Mass Communication and Society. Volume 14, Issue 2, 196-215. Maslow, A. (1970). Motivation and Personality. New York : Harper and Row. Rubin, A. M. (1993). Audience Activity and Media Use. Communication Monographs. Volume 60, Issue 1, 98-105. Rubin, A. M., Windahl, S. (1986). The Uses and Dependency model of Mass Communication. Cultural Studies for Mass Communication. Volume 3, Issue 2,184-199. Stacks, D. W., Salwen, M. B. (2009). An Integrated Approach to Communication Theory and Research. New York: Routledge. Sutton, E.R. (2013). Ã¢â¬ËThe Walking DeadÃ¢â¬â¢: Fans know who they want defending them against zombies. Oklahoma City News Examiner. Retrieved from http://www.examiner.com/article/the-walking-dead-fans-know-who-they-want-defending-them-against-zombies. West, R., Turner, L. H. (2010). Introducing Communication Theory. New York: Mcgraw-Hill.
Tuesday, March 17, 2020
Application of Robotic Technology. Application of Robotic TechnologyRobotic technology is used in many operations and its demand is very high. In 1999, the growth rate of robotic industry was 20% worldwide and in America, it was 60% compared to 1998. In the last 20 years robotic industry has become multi billionaire industry and its growth rate is very high due to its many applications in manufacturing and automotive industry (Jan Karlsson, 2001. p119, 124.). Robots perform many industrial operations and they are used to increase production, improve quality, and reduce labor. Although the function of robots are very complicated and need good skills, they are used in many in industrial operations to perform different operation in the following ways: welding, painting, presswork, and heat treatment. To understand the robotic technology we have to know about the robots its functions and different applications of robots. Finally, we need to learn about how much robots are economical in different industrial operations and their future developments in different fields.English: A scene from R.U.R., showing three robots...The word robots derived from robota means forced labor. According to the definition of the robot institute of America, " a robot is a reprogramable multifunctional manipulated design to move materials parts tools or specialized devices through variable programmed motion for the performance of variety of tasks" (James A. Rehg, 1985 p7). The basic system of robots consists of a pneumatic or hydraulic operated mechanical arm working as a human arm and is controlled by computer. At the end of the arm a tool is mounted which is doing all the operations. An Electric servomotor, pneumatic or hydraulic aculator, drives the robotic arm and provides with linear or rotational motion (James. p8, 9). The combination of linear and rotational motion describes the geometry of the robotic arm. The arm geometry tells the form of the space in...
Sunday, March 1, 2020
Going Full-time or Not Part of the reason so many people want to write full-timeÃ is to escape the responsibilities of the day job, the commute, and all the baggage that comes with working for someone else. Truth is, writing full-timeÃ is not all its cracked up to be. You experience the pressure of juggling when you have a day job and then attempt to write at night, during lunch, or on weekends. If you wrote full-timeÃ life would be so much less stressful, or so you think. But writing full-timeÃ means you also have to squeeze writing into your day, because once you become your own boss, you are faced with: 1) estimated taxes, more serious bookkeeping, and administrative duties consuming 10 to 20 percent of your day; 2) marketing, which consumes a minimum of 20 percent of your day; 3) researching business techniques, keeping up with the industry, learning how to publish differently, vetting publishers/agents/clients consuming 10 to 20 percent of your day if not more. Suddenly you realize most of your day is still committed to items you dont enjoy doing . . . just like when you worked the day job. As a full-timeÃ writer, I cannot keep up with the changes in freelancing, blogging, podcasting, publishing, and marketing. As hard as I try, I end the day a little frustrated, feeling like I lag behind so many others. The truth is, you cannot learn it all nor do it all. You write what you like, and you publish the best you can. You market intelligently instead of just checking it off your to-do list. But you cannot be like all the other writers out there. They are also ignoring aspects of the profession, because they, too, cannot work everything into their day. You have to remember to keep this profession fun. When it ceases to be enjoyable, stop and rethink what you are doing. Better to work the full-timeÃ day job and enjoy your writing at night than be dragged into a full-timeÃ writing business and have it suck the life out of your joy.